criminal libel

criminal libel
Criminal libel is the malicious publication of durable defamation. The malicious defamation of a person made public by any printing or writing tending to provoke him to wrath and to deprive him of the benefits of public confidence and social intercourse. It is a misdemeanor at common law and also under modern statutes unless it has been made a felony which is not common. Four elements are included:
(1) defamation,
(2) durable,
(3) publication and
(4) malice.
It should be noted however that criminal sanctions for defamation of public officials is subject to same constitutional limitations as for civil actions. Garrison v. State of Louisiana, 379 U.S. 64, 85 S.Ct. 209, 13 L.Ed.2d 125.
See also libel

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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